Throughout a person’s journey in the military, there will be awards and keepsakes given to them to remind them that they served the country and made it a better place to live in. One of the most important tokens of recognition given to them is the challenge coin.
Challenge coins are used to award men and women for their valorous services and achievements. These are also used to distinguish a squadron from another squadron, and represent the unity that the members have. The coins are used as symbols of pride, evidences for bragging rights, and forms of identification for anyone who has served in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines or Coast Guard. Each coin has a different value since it is given on a specific occasion. You may check out some of our examples at ChallengeCoins4Less.com.
During the Roman Empire, coins were awarded to soldiers with achievements. However, these small tokens only became popular during the World War I when an American pilot was spared from execution by proving that he was not a spy. The accused pilot showed to the French a bronze medallion with his flying squadron’s emblem. Instead of killing him, the French gifted him with a bottle of wine.
Nowadays, challenge coins don’t just serve as forms of identification for men and women in service. Stories say these also bring them together in the form of a fun “game”. They always carry their coins with them in case of a “coin check” – anyone who forgets to bring his will pay for all the drinks. Even if civilians know about these, there are still secrets inside the armed forces that we may not know about as they may have their own other uses for the coins.
Beyond the military, police and fire departments, civic organizations and even businesses across the States are getting themselves these coins too. American presidents starting with Bill Clinton had their own coins too, even the Secret Service agents, White House Staff and presidential valets. In ChallengeCoins4Less.com, we have a wide variety of designs to use as reference in making your own.
Challenge coins are displayed as collection in homes using coin boxes, glass domes, shadow boxes, racks and other creative ways. These are sometimes given to close family members or friends as gifts. Numismatics collect these kind of coins as well. Each coin has a story and a sentimental value behind, so these should be taken care of well.
This precious piece of metal typically measures 1.5 to 2 inches in diameter and 1/10 inches in thickness. It can come in different shapes, including diamonds, squares and the like. The materials used in making them are pewter, copper or nickel, and it can be plated in any finish. A simple coin includes just the motto and the insignia, but you can choose to add enamel highlights, multi-dimensional designs and more to them.
If you’re planning to have your own coin, we, at ChallengeCoins4Less.com, have the best designs and deals for you. We offer free design and are always willing to make it into any shape that you want. It can be just a round design or an eagle shape. You may select from a variety of gold, silver, brass, copper and metal finishes as well as the cut edges to add elegance and appeal. We have plenty of design options including engraved texts, 3D designs, offset prints and translucent enamels.
Our company will take care of the packaging. We have PVC pouches, velvet bags, capsules and more. We can also turn them into bottle openers and key chains.
If our output is not the coin that you had in mind, we are more than willing to accept revisions for free. Your custom order will be carefully crafted and sent right away for your satisfaction.
ChallengeCoins4Less.com makes top quality coins that your unit or colleagues will proudly carry anytime and anywhere.
Taylormade golf clubs are known for their high quality and performance. Grabbing your own set of these clubs entails the need to spend time to properly maintain them. Don’t worry because cleaning them does not require special expertise. You only need to gather some materials and invest some of your time.
You can try many ways of cleaning your Taylormade golf clubs. You may opt to buy a golf club cleaning kit from a golf pro shop. But if you prefer not to spend extra money, then you can use household items. You will need a small bucket, an old toothbrush or any brush with soft bristles, towel or any piece of cloth, and dish washing soap. The bucket is optional since you can wash the clubs in your bathroom or sink.
1. Make suds in the bucket.
Put your bucket in your sink. Pour a generous amount of the dish washing soap, and get enough water from the faucet. The water should not be too hot or too cold. If the water is too hot, the ferrule on your club will surely get loose. Do not pour too much water since you only need to soak the club head.
2. Submerge the golf clubs in the bucket.
Do this part outside your house so that you can freely move. If you’re living in an apartment, then do this part in the bathroom. Place the bucket in a stable position, and then put the club heads in the bucket with suds. Make sure that the ferrules are not submerged in water. Leave the clubs for a few minutes. Soaking them will let the dirt along the grooves become less stiff. The suds will also help you reduce the oiliness of the club head. Other golf course chemicals and debris will also be removed. Usually, only the wedges and irons are cleaned this way since putters and drivers mostly do not accumulate dirt.
3. Brush the dirt off the grooves.
After soaking the Taylormade golf clubs for a few minutes, take one club at a time, and scrub them using the old brush you have at home. The most important part is to remove all dirt, sand and debris that are stuck in the grooves. If these are not removed, the club face will easily wear out. In addition, scrub the sole and back of the club head, where dirt and grass may accumulate. If the dirt has not been removed, and it becomes stiff over time, you may soak it longer and use a brush with stiff bristles. Do not use a brush with wire bristles because it may scratch the exterior of the club.
4. Rinse the submerged part of the golf clubs.
You may use your garden hose or faucet to rinse off the suds on the clubs. After rinsing off the suds, check the clubs for remaining dirt and debris. In doing this, be careful so that the shaft remains dry.
5. Towel dry the golf clubs.
First, towel-dry the club head. To make sure that the whole club is dry, towel-dry the shaft and the handle as well. Before putting the golf club in your bag, make sure it is completely dry.
6. Clean the woods and hybrids separately.
Permission woods are never soaked with water and suds. You can just quickly submerge metal woods and hybrids in the bucket and remove them immediately. You may also opt to rub them with a wet cloth. The next step is to towel-dry. If necessary, you can use a soft brush to remove dirt from the grooves of the woods and hybrids.
Motivational speakers have the power to influence people to change for the better. They have the power to transform other people to become the better version of themselves. But, not all motivational speakers are the same. There are a few qualities that set the excellent speakers apart from the mediocre ones.
If you want to become a great motivational speaker, you need to be confident. Great speakers and motivators are confident. They believe in themselves and in their abilities. They own the stage they stand on and they speak with conviction. They have a good posture that conveys confidence and competence. They are also gracious and they are not afraid to look silly in front of others. They are bold and confident enough to face a huge audience.
Great speakers are eloquent. They are able to convey their message and ideas in a way that most people understand. They use powerful language to connect with others and appeal to people’s emotions. They know what to say and when to say it.
Amazing motivators are empathetic. They can connect with their audience and easily identify with their feelings at the moment. They take time to get know their audience and they really listen. They understand themselves and they also seek to understand others. They are also able to place themselves into other people’s shoes.
If you want to be a successful motivational speaker, you have to be passionate about what you do. You have to be genuinely passionate about helping other people. It is true that motivational speaking is a job but more than being a career, it is a calling. It is a mission. So, if you want to be a successful inspirational speaker, you have to be committed to changing other people’s lives. They pursue excellence and they take pride in their
In order to have a successful career in motivational speaking, you must have strong conviction and you have to be credible. Eloquence and confidence are not enough. You have to walk the talk and practice what you preach. If you want to speak about work ethics in a corporate town hall event, you must also build a good professional reputation.
Successful inspirational keynote speakers are people of strong conviction and integrity. They only teach ethical ways to achieve certain goals. They have sound moral character and they always do what they think is right. They are honest and trustworthy.
They are also diligent and persevering. They respect other people regardless of status, ethnicity, and level of education. They are also brave and they have strong self-control. They are not afraid to say no to something that is not congruent to what they believe in.
Successful inspirational and motivational speakers are straight to the point. They do not mince words and they deliver their message clearly.
A great motivational speaker has the ability to bring fun to the event. They are witty and they can make people laugh. If your dream is to become a successful motivational speaker, you must develop a strong sense of humour. You must be able to laugh at yourself, too.
You have to be willing to go out of your comfort zone in order to effectively convey your message. You must be fearless. Do not be afraid to introduce new ideas. You are there to inspire and not to simply please your audience.
Motivational speakers encourage people to stay positive even when they are faced with challenges and difficult situations. So, if you want to become a successful motivational speaker, should learn to be optimistic. You must have a positive mindset and you must believe that good things can happen in the face of adversity.
If you want to inspire and motivate others, you have to be yourself. You must be willing to be vulnerable in front of many people. You have to be authentic. You must share a part of you to your adoring audience.
If you want to be a successful inspirational speaker, you must be sincere and credible. You must also be passionate about helping people and making their lives better. You need to be attentive and you should have a positive attitude.
A printed circuit board is a mechanical support which connects different electronic components through the use of conductive pads, tracks and other elements engraved from copper sheets which were laminated on a substrate that’s non-conductive. PCBs are often categorized according to layer quantity. Multi-layer PCBs permit larger component density. Advanced printed circuit boards could include parts such as resistors, capacitors or active mechanisms inserted in the substrate. Moreover, the conductors on each of the layers are attached with vias which are plated-through holes.
For single layer:
1. The maximum size of its circuit should be 8” x 8”
2. Minimum line width of 6 mils
3. 0.5 inch connector spacing
4. Minimum line gap is 6 mils
5. The text on each layer should have a minimum height of 80 mils and a track width of 8 mils
6. Gerber RS – 274X, precision 7. The origin must be located at the lowest left corner of the draft
8. A 200 x 200 x 20 mils cutting marks
Single layers which contain vias are also the same as single layer. However, there is a difference between the riveted vias and the plated vias. The specifications for each are as follows.
1. Riveted vias should only be used when the circuit contains less than 15 holes
2. A diameter size of 31 mils for each hole
3. 60 mils diameter pad
4. The center of the pad must be uncovered
1. Plated vias should only be used when the hole size is critical or the holes on
2. The circuits are of large quantity
3. The maximum circuit size is 6” x 6”
4. The laser cutting area is only limited to 3.75 x 3.75
5. A minimum aspect ratio of 2:1
6. A .dfx file for holes with a precision of 2.4
7. The layout file is already filled with holes
8. Three alignment holes of 66/120 mils dia with donuts outside of the draft
9. A clearance of 10 mils
10. The center of the pad is covered
For multiple layer:
1. A 3D drawing is needed to represent the whole circuit
2. Plated hole is possible and an inner connection could also be possible
3. If connection between two substrates is needed, a plated via is required
4. The maximum size is 2” x 5”
5. A text must be printed on each layer
6. Gerber file scale 1 required on each layer
7. The first substrate must be positioned on the bottom
8. 0.125” diameter pins must be used for the alignment between substrates at a 2.5” center to center distance
9. The drill file should be limited to 3.75” x 3.75” and must be in .dxf form
Included in the manufacturing of a PCB is the PCB fabrication. PCB fabrication involves the PCB material, etching tanks, and many more. Basically, PCB fabrication is done by CAD. The Gerber or Excellon filed in the fabrication data are usually read by the Computer Aided Manufacturing software or CAM software.
1. Gerber data input
2. Data verification; optional DFM
3. Reparation for the digression that exist in the manufacturing processes (e.g. scaling to compensate the alterations during lamination process)
5. Output of the digital devices such as drill files, copper patterns, electrical test files, legend image, solder resist image, automated optical inspection data, etc.)
All in all, making PCBs isn’t as simple as many believe it to be; still, with the right steps and components, accomplishing such a task is far from impossible.
This revolutionary selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) functions similarly to anabolic steroids (AS), but without the adverse side effects. For one, the use of anabolic steroids – particularly oral – results in serious damage in the liver. Benign and malignant tumors are usually found in this organ after repeated use, especially when the steroids contain a 17-alpha-alkyl group. Many of the cases are benign, and once the administration of anabolic steroids is stopped, the tumors disappear. Nevertheless, itch, jaundice and cystic rupture are still feared.
In addition, the anabolic steroids increase the plasma activity of liver enzymes such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatise (AP), and in turn this increase in activity harms the hepatocellular membrane of the liver, leading to reduced liver mass or cholestasis, which prevents the flow of the bile from the liver to the duodenum.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of testosterone, and the fact that these affect the male reproductive system should not come as a surprise. Prolonged use of these steroids in high dosage can cause hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a condition that diminishes the functional activity of the testes; there is then the possibility of atrophy in the male reproductive organ, as well as the decrease in the production of sperm cells. But once the use of anabolic steroids is stopped, the normal functions come back after a few months.
Erectile dysfunction can also be an outcome of the continued patronage of the anabolic steroids. Although sexual desire increases with AS use, erectile dysfunction also increases, taking into consideration that it is not androgen-dependent. Even an increase in testosterone cannot prevent impotence – as long as there are hormonal insufficiencies, this dysfunction emerges.
Another effect in the male system is the formation of breasts, or gynecomastia. These anabolic steroids, when converted, increase the level of estrogens (the female hormones), which then stimulate breast growth. For males, the worse part of this condition is that it is irreversible unlike the other effects.
It is not only males that should be concerned with anabolic steroids; females who use these steroids also suffer from abnormalities in the reproductive system. These steroids affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, and as a consequence the formation of follicles and ovulation are severed, not to mention the irregularities in the menstrual cycle. Also, hypertrophy or the increase in the volume of the clitoris emerges, and in pregnant women there is the danger of pseudohermaphroditism or retardation of the female fetus, and even fetal death.
Less serious effects constitute acne, hair loss, lowering of the voice, facial hair growth, and decreased breast size.
As regards the cardiovascular system, cardiovascular diseases have also been connected to anabolic steroids use. The effect on blood pressure and on plasma lipoproteins is still being analyzed, but obvious structural changes in the heart is already supported with proof – those who use anabolic steroids tend to have mild hypertrophy or slight enlargement of the left ventricle. There are also detrimental psychological effects in using anabolic steroids such as aggressiveness (associated with masculinity), euphoria, sleeping problems, paranoia and hallucinations.
Anabolic steroids have been around for decades, but medical experts have cautioned people against using these without prescription due to adverse side effects. And recently, the existence of MK-2866 helped eradicate hormonal problems without the need to bear the corollary health hazards. MK-2866 can do whatever the anabolic steroids are able to do, but since MK-2866 is selective, it does not pose threats to the other parts of your body. It will just treat your ailment. MK-2866 is the perfect substitute.